American Community Survey

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Population and Housing Narrative Profile
2012-2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates


While the ACS produces sample-based population group and housing estimates used in this report, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program produces and disseminates official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities and towns, as well as estimates of housing units for states and counties. For more information see: www.census.gov/popest/

Note that for small geographic areas, the sample used for the Narrative Profile may be small as well. Users are encouraged to examine the detailed tables on American FactFinder that are associated with the Narrative Profile text. These tables provide additional information on sampling variability associated with the estimates in this report.

Geography: Youngstown, Ohio


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Households and Families

In 2012-2016 there were 27,000 households in Youngstown, Ohio. The average household size was 2.2 people.

Families made up 54 percent of the households in Youngstown, Ohio. This figure includes both married-couple families (24 percent) and other families (30 percent). Of other families, 14 percent are female householder families with no husband present and own children under 18 years. Nonfamily households made up 46 percent of all households in Youngstown, Ohio. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some were composed of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

In Youngstown, Ohio, 27 percent of all households have one or more people under the age of 18; 30 percent of all households have one or more people 65 years and over.


Types of Households in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
click graph to view data in table format

Among persons 15 and older, 30 percent of males and 26 percent of females are currently married.

Population 15 years and over Males Females
Never married 48.6 41.4
Now married, except separated 30.3 25.6
Separated 2.8 2.9
Widowed 4.3 13.0
Divorced 14.0 17.1


In Youngstown, Ohio, 1,600 grandparents lived with their grandchildren under 18 years old. Of those grandparents, 49 percent of them had financial responsibility for their grandchildren.


Nativity and Foreign Born

An estimated 97 percent of the people living in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016 were
native residents of the United States
and 76 percent of these residents were
living in the state in which they were born.


An estimated 3 percent of the people living in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016 were foreign born. Of the foreign born population, 31 percent were naturalized U.S. citizens, and 84 percent entered
the country
before the year 2010. An estimated 16 percent of the foreign born entered
the country
in 2010 or later.

Foreign born residents of Youngstown, Ohio come from different parts of the world.

Region of Birth for the Foreign Born Population in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Language

Among people at least five years old living in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016, 10 percent spoke a language other than English at home. Of those speaking a language other than English at home, 76 percent spoke Spanish and 24 percent spoke some other language; 43 percent reported that they did not speak English "very well."


Percent of the Population 5 years and over who Speak a Language other than English in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Geographic Mobility

In 2012-2016, 81 percent of the people at least one year old living in Youngstown, Ohio were living in the same residence one year earlier.

Geographic Mobility of Residents of Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Education

In 2012-2016, 83 percent of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 12 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher. An estimated 17 percent did not complete high school.

The total school enrollment in Youngstown, Ohio was 16,300 in 2012-2016. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 1,900 and elementary or high school enrollment was 9,800 children. College or graduate school enrollment was 4,600.


Educational Attainment of People in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Disability

In Youngstown, Ohio, among the civilian noninstitutionalized population in 2012-2016, 21 percent reported a disability. The likelihood of having a disability varied by age - from 7 percent of people under 18 years old, to 20 percent of people 18 to 64 years old, and to 41 percent of those 65 and over.

Employment Status and Type of Employer

In Youngstown, Ohio, 42 percent of the population 16 and over were employed; 49 percent were not currently in the labor force.

An estimated 83 percent of the people employed were private wage and salary workers; 12 percent were federal, state, or local government workers; and 5 percent were self-employed in their own (not incorporated) business.



Class of worker Number Percent
Private wage and salary workers 18,269 82.7
Federal, state, or local government workers 2,634 11.9
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 1,187 5.4
Industries

In 2012-2016, the civilian employed population 16 years and older in Youngstown, Ohio worked in the following industries:



Percent by Industry in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Occupations

Occupations for the civilian employed population 16 years and over in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016:



Civilian employed population 16 years and over Number Percent
Management, business, sciences, and arts occupations 4,819 21.8
Service occupations 6,045 27.3
Sales and office occupations 5,403 24.4
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 1,529 6.9
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 4,307 19.5

Commuting to Work

An estimated 77 percent of Youngstown, Ohio workers drove to work alone in 2012-2016, and 11 percent carpooled. Among those who commuted to work, it took them on average 20 minutes to get to work.


Percent of Workers 16 and over Commuting by Mode in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Income

The median income of households in Youngstown, Ohio was $24,448. An estimated 30 percent of households had income below $15,000 a year and 1 percent had income over $150,000 or more.

Median Earnings for Full-Time Year-Round Workers by Sex in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Data is from Key Industry Statistics Table: row 2, columns 1 and 2


An estimated 63 percent of the households received earnings and 21 percent received retirement income other than Social Security. An estimated 39 percent of the households received Social Security. The average income from Social Security was $14,151. These income sources are not mutually exclusive; that is, some households received income from more than one source.

Proportion of Households with Various Income Sources in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Data is from Key Industry Statistics Table: row 2, columns 1 and 2

Poverty and Participation in Government Programs

In 2012-2016, 38 percent of people were in poverty. An estimated 60 percent of related children under 18 were below the poverty level, compared with 15 percent of people 65 years old and over. An estimated 32 percent of all families and 50 percent of families with a female householder and no husband present had incomes below the poverty level.


Poverty Rates in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
click graph to view data in table format
Data is from Key Industry Statistics Table: row 2, columns 1 and 2
Health Insurance

Among the civilian noninstitutionalized population in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016, 89 percent had health insurance coverage and 11 percent did not have health insurance coverage. For those under 18 years of age, 3 percent had no health insurance coverage. The civilian noninstitutionalized population had both private and public health insurance, with 40 percent having private coverage and 61 percent having public coverage.

Population

In 2012-2016, Youngstown, Ohio has a total population of 65,200 -- 33,400 (51 percent) females and 31,800 (49 percent) males. The median age was 39 years. An estimated 22 percent of the population was under 18 years and 16 percent was 65 years and older.

Age Distribution of People in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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For people reporting one race alone, 51 percent were White; 46 percent were Black or African American; 1 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native; 1 percent were Asian; less than 0.5 percent were Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 2 percent were some other race. An estimated 5 percent reported two or more races. An estimated 11 percent of the people in Youngstown, Ohio were Hispanic. An estimated 42 percent of the people in Youngstown, Ohio were White non-Hispanic. People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.


Housing Characteristics

In 2012-2016, Youngstown, Ohio had a total of 33,700 housing units, 20 percent of which were vacant. Of the total housing units, 80 percent were in single-unit structures, 20 percent were in multi-unit structures, and less than 0.5 percent were mobile homes. An estimated 4 percent of the housing units were built since 1990.

Types of Housing Units in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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The median number of rooms in all housing units in Youngstown, Ohio is 6. Of these housing units, 62 percent have three or more bedrooms.

Occupied Housing Unit Characteristics

In 2012-2016, Youngstown, Ohio had 27,000 occupied housing units - 15,200 (56 percent) owner occupied and 11,700 (44 percent) renter occupied. An estimated 58 percent of householders of these units had moved in since 2000. An estimated 45 percent of the owner occupied units had a mortgage. An estimated 3 percent of the households did not have telephone service. An estimated 18 percent had no vehicles available and another 11 percent had three or more.

Homes in Youngstown, Ohio were heated in the following ways:

House heating fuel used in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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+this category includes utility, bottled, tank, or LP gas

Housing Costs

The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners was $771, nonmortgaged owners $295, and renters $619. An estimated 34 percent of owners with mortgages, 14 percent of owners without mortgages, and 62 percent of renters in Youngstown, Ohio spent 30 percent or more of household income on housing.

Occupants with a Housing Cost Burden in Youngstown, Ohio in 2012-2016
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Explanation of Symbols:
An '-' entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an estimate, or a ratio of medians cannot be calculated because one or both of the median estimates falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution.
An '-' following a median estimate means the median falls in the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution.
An '+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper interval of an open-ended distribution.

While the ACS produces sample-based population group and housing estimates used in this report, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program produces and disseminates official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities and towns, as well as estimates of housing units for states and counties. For more information see: www.census.gov/popest/

Note that for small geographic areas, the sample used for the Narrative Profile may be small as well. Users are encouraged to examine the detailed tables on American FactFinder that are associated with the Narrative Profile text. These tables provide additional information on sampling variability associated with the estimates in this report.