American Community Survey

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Population and Housing Narrative Profile
2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates


While the ACS produces sample-based population group and housing estimates used in this report, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program produces and disseminates official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities and towns, as well as estimates of housing units for states and counties. For more information see: www.census.gov/popest/

Note that for small geographic areas, the sample used for the Narrative Profile may be small as well. Users are encouraged to examine the detailed tables on American FactFinder that are associated with the Narrative Profile text. These tables provide additional information on sampling variability associated with the estimates in this report.

Geography: Brazoria County, Texas


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Households and Families

In 2010-2014 there were 109,800 households in Brazoria County, Texas. The average household size was 2.9 people.

Families made up 74 percent of the households in Brazoria County, Texas. This figure includes both married-couple families (57 percent) and other families (17 percent). Of other families, 8 percent are female householder families with no husband present and own children under 18 years. Nonfamily households made up 26 percent of all households in Brazoria County, Texas. Most of the nonfamily households were people living alone, but some were composed of people living in households in which no one was related to the householder.

In Brazoria County, Texas, 41 percent of all households have one or more people under the age of 18; 21 percent of all households have one or more people 65 years and over.


Types of Households in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
click graph to view data in table format

Among persons 15 and older, 55 percent of males and 54 percent of females are currently married.

Population 15 years and over Males Females
Never married 30.0 24.0
Now married, except separated 55.2 54.2
Separated 2.3 2.5
Widowed 2.4 7.7
Divorced 10.1 11.6


In Brazoria County, Texas, 8,900 grandparents lived with their grandchildren under 18 years old. Of those grandparents, 47 percent of them had financial responsibility for their grandchildren.


Nativity and Foreign Born

An estimated 87 percent of the people living in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014 were
native residents of the United States
and 66 percent of these residents were
living in the state in which they were born.


An estimated 13 percent of the people living in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014 were foreign born. Of the foreign born population, 46 percent were naturalized U.S. citizens, and 96 percent entered
the country
before the year 2010. An estimated 4 percent of the foreign born entered
the country
in 2010 or later.

Foreign born residents of Brazoria County, Texas come from different parts of the world.

Region of Birth for the Foreign Born Population in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Language

Among people at least five years old living in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014, 26 percent spoke a language other than English at home. Of those speaking a language other than English at home, 75 percent spoke Spanish and 25 percent spoke some other language; 30 percent reported that they did not speak English "very well."


Percent of the Population 5 years and over who Speak a Language other than English in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Geographic Mobility

In 2010-2014, 88 percent of the people at least one year old living in Brazoria County, Texas were living in the same residence one year earlier.

Geographic Mobility of Residents of Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Education

In 2010-2014, 86 percent of people 25 years and over had at least graduated from high school and 28 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher. An estimated 14 percent did not complete high school.

The total school enrollment in Brazoria County, Texas was 88,800 in 2010-2014. Nursery school and kindergarten enrollment was 11,400 and elementary or high school enrollment was 58,600 children. College or graduate school enrollment was 18,700.


Educational Attainment of People in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Disability

In Brazoria County, Texas, among the civilian noninstitutionalized population in 2010-2014, 10 percent reported a disability. The likelihood of having a disability varied by age - from 3 percent of people under 18 years old, to 9 percent of people 18 to 64 years old, and to 39 percent of those 65 and over.

Employment Status and Type of Employer

In Brazoria County, Texas, 61 percent of the population 16 and over were employed; 35 percent were not currently in the labor force.

An estimated 80 percent of the people employed were private wage and salary workers; 15 percent were federal, state, or local government workers; and 5 percent were self-employed in their own (not incorporated) business.



Class of worker Number Percent
Private wage and salary workers 120,731 80.2
Federal, state, or local government workers 22,197 14.8
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business 7,443 4.9
Industries

In 2010-2014, the civilian employed population 16 years and older in Brazoria County, Texas worked in the following industries:



Percent by Industry in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Occupations

Occupations for the civilian employed population 16 years and over in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014:



Civilian employed population 16 years and over Number Percent
Management, business, sciences, and arts occupations 60,958 40.5
Service occupations 21,374 14.2
Sales and office occupations 33,202 22.1
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations 16,235 10.8
Production, transportation, and material moving occupations 18,694 12.4

Commuting to Work

An estimated 86 percent of Brazoria County, Texas workers drove to work alone in 2010-2014, and 9 percent carpooled. Among those who commuted to work, it took them on average 29 minutes to get to work.


Percent of Workers 16 and over Commuting by Mode in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Income

The median income of households in Brazoria County, Texas was $69,092. An estimated 9 percent of households had income below $15,000 a year and 14 percent had income over $150,000 or more.

Median Earnings for Full-Time Year-Round Workers by Sex in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Data is from Key Industry Statistics Table: row 2, columns 1 and 2


An estimated 85 percent of the households received earnings and 14 percent received retirement income other than Social Security. An estimated 23 percent of the households received Social Security. The average income from Social Security was $18,296. These income sources are not mutually exclusive; that is, some households received income from more than one source.

Proportion of Households with Various Income Sources in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Data is from Key Industry Statistics Table: row 2, columns 1 and 2

Poverty and Participation in Government Programs

In 2010-2014, 11 percent of people were in poverty. An estimated 14 percent of related children under 18 were below the poverty level, compared with 9 percent of people 65 years old and over. An estimated 8 percent of all families and 24 percent of families with a female householder and no husband present had incomes below the poverty level.


Poverty Rates in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
click graph to view data in table format
Data is from Key Industry Statistics Table: row 2, columns 1 and 2
Health Insurance

Among the civilian noninstitutionalized population in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014, 82 percent had health insurance coverage and 18 percent did not have health insurance coverage. For those under 18 years of age, 10 percent had no health insurance coverage. The civilian noninstitutionalized population had both private and public health insurance, with 69 percent having private coverage and 22 percent having public coverage.

Population

In 2010-2014, Brazoria County, Texas has a total population of 325,500 -- 160,300 (49 percent) females and 165,100 (51 percent) males. The median age was 35.4 years. An estimated 27 percent of the population was under 18 years and 10 percent was 65 years and older.

Age Distribution of People in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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For people reporting one race alone, 76 percent were White; 13 percent were Black or African American; less than 0.5 percent were American Indian and Alaska Native; 6 percent were Asian; less than 0.5 percent were Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 4 percent were some other race. An estimated 2 percent reported two or more races. An estimated 29 percent of the people in Brazoria County, Texas were Hispanic. An estimated 51 percent of the people in Brazoria County, Texas were White non-Hispanic. People of Hispanic origin may be of any race.


Housing Characteristics

In 2010-2014, Brazoria County, Texas had a total of 122,500 housing units, 10 percent of which were vacant. Of the total housing units, 73 percent were in single-unit structures, 16 percent were in multi-unit structures, and 11 percent were mobile homes. An estimated 48 percent of the housing units were built since 1990.

Types of Housing Units in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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The median number of rooms in all housing units in Brazoria County, Texas is 6. Of these housing units, 71 percent have three or more bedrooms.

Occupied Housing Unit Characteristics

In 2010-2014, Brazoria County, Texas had 109,800 occupied housing units - 80,600 (73 percent) owner occupied and 29,200 (27 percent) renter occupied. An estimated 72 percent of householders of these units had moved in since 2000. An estimated 63 percent of the owner occupied units had a mortgage. An estimated 2 percent of the households did not have telephone service. An estimated 3 percent had no vehicles available and another 23 percent had three or more.

Homes in Brazoria County, Texas were heated in the following ways:

House heating fuel used in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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+this category includes utility, bottled, tank, or LP gas

Housing Costs

The median monthly housing costs for mortgaged owners was $1,658, nonmortgaged owners $480, and renters $888. An estimated 25 percent of owners with mortgages, 12 percent of owners without mortgages, and 42 percent of renters in Brazoria County, Texas spent 30 percent or more of household income on housing.

Occupants with a Housing Cost Burden in Brazoria County, Texas in 2010-2014
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Explanation of Symbols:
An '-' entry in the estimate column indicates that either no sample observations or too few sample observations were available to compute an estimate, or a ratio of medians cannot be calculated because one or both of the median estimates falls in the lowest interval or upper interval of an open-ended distribution.
An '-' following a median estimate means the median falls in the lowest interval of an open-ended distribution.
An '+' following a median estimate means the median falls in the upper interval of an open-ended distribution.