Sustainability Measure: Transportation

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Average Commute Time to Work (in minutes)
Definition: This indicator shows the average number of minutes a person spends traveling to work.

Significance: Time spent traveling means less time to spend with family or on other activities. Longer commute times are also related to longer distances traveled, which will increase air pollution and other environmental impacts.

Resource Links:


U.S. Census Bureau. "Commuting (Journey to Work) Main." www.census.gov/hhes/commuting/

Frank, L.D.; M. A. Anderson, and T.L. Schmid (2004). "Obesity Relationships with Community Design, Physical Activity, and Time Spent in Cars."

American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2004; 27(2), pp87-96 www.ajpmonline.org/article/S0749-3797%2804%2900087-X/abstract
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File
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Legend - Mean Travel Time to Work in Minutes (Number of Tracts)
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File


Means of Travel to Work (Percent of Non-Automobile Commuters)
Definition: This indicator shows the percentage of workers who commute by driving alone, carpooling, public transit, and walking or bicycling.

Significance: Work trips are used as a general indicator of the use of travel options within a community. Commuting by carpooling, transit, walking, or bicycling uses less energy and produces fewer emissions than commuting alone in a personal vehicle. Higher levels of walking and bicycling can also improve personal health.

Resource Links:


Grabow, M., et al., "Air Quality and Exercise-Related Health Benefits from Reduced Car Travel in the Midwestern United States," University of Wisconsin, Madison, 2012.
www.ehp03.niehs.nih.gov/article/fetchArticle.action?articleURI=info%3Adoi%2F10.1289%2Fehp.1103440
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File
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Percent of Non-Automobile Commuters (Number of Tracts)
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File


Commute Mode Share
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File


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