Sustainability Measure: Equity

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Share of income held by Top 5% Households
Definition: This indicator shows the share of income within the community held by the 5 percent of households with the highest incomes.

Significance: This indicator suggests the extent to which wealth is concentrated in a small number of households. A value of 5 percent would mean that every household's income is equal. The higher the value, the more wealth is concentrated.

Resource Links:


U.S. Census Bureau, "Household Income Inequality Within U.S. Counties, 2006-2010," 2012. www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/acsbr10-18.pdf
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File
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Percentage of Income Held by Top 5% Households (Number of Tracts)
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File


Poverty Rate
Definition: This indicator shows the percentage of people in the community who were below the poverty line. Poverty thresholds are set by the Census Bureau according to the size of the household and age of householders and are not adjusted for local differences in the cost of living.

Significance: The poverty level is an indicator of how much income is needed for a household to meet its basic needs. A higher poverty rate indicates there are likely to be more households without these needs being met.

Resource Links:


U.S. Census Bureau: Poverty data, methodology, and publications. www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/index.html

United States Government Accountability Office (2007). "Poverty in America: Economic Research Shows Adverse Impacts on Health Status and Other Social Conditions as well as the Economic Growth Rate," www.gao.gov/new.items/d07344.pdf

Rajaram, R. (2009). "Poverty, Income Inequality, and Economic Growth in U.S. Counties," University of Georgia. www.terry.uga.edu/economics/docs/spatial_analysis.pdf
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File
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Poverty Rate (Number of Tracts)

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Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File


Share of Children Below Poverty Line
Definition: This indicator shows the percentage of children in the community who live in households with incomes below the poverty line.

Significance: A substantial body of research links poverty with lower levels of child well-being. Poor children are more likely to have low academic achievement, to drop out of school, and to have health, behavioral, and emotional problems*.

* Moore, K.A., et al. (2009). "Children in Poverty: Trends, Consequences, and Policy Options." Child Trends Research Brief, Publication #2009-11, Washington, D.C.
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File
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Share of Children Living Below Poverty Line (Number of Tracts)

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Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File


High School Education
Definition: This indicator shows the share of the community's adult population that has obtained a high school diploma or equivalent degree.

Significance: A high school education is essential to many of today's jobs, and to providing career advancement opportunities. Workers who did not complete high school can expect to earn over 40 percent less than the average worker*.

* Carnevale, A.P., S.J. Rose, and B. Cheah. "The College Payoff: Education, Occupations, and Lifetime Earnings." Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce. Based on analysis of the 2007-2009 American Community Survey
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**Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File
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Share of Population with a High School Degree (Number of Tracts)
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Data Source: ACS/Summarized Data/2009-2013/5-Year Summary File


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